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ENG 212 - Critical Approaches to Literature

This guide is designed to point students to important critical tools and resources in the field of English literature that help with text and author analyses.

Introduction to the Critical Approaches Guide (ENG 212)

To analyze texts well, you will need a host of resources. 

In this guide, you will find:

  • Specific Library Tools geared toward the critical study of English Literature
  • Specific print resources and titles that incorporate and assist with textual analysis
  • Helpful and Reliable Web Sites


Use a variety of methods and keywords to locate research on your topic.


  • author last name (and first name, if needed)
  • title of work (or part of it, if long)
  • name of approach or name of prominent proponent of approach

Search Tips: Connectors

Use these term connectors in Library tool searches

  • AND 
    This will narrow your search to include all terms that are connected by this term. For example, the following requires that both terms be present in the title, abstract, or keywords of a citation.

    "student engagement" AND leadership
  • OR
    This broadens your search to include more options based on your search terms. For example, the following insists that either the term college or the term university must be present along with the phrase "student housing" in the title, abstract, or keywords assigned to a citation.

    (college OR university) AND "student housing" 

  • NOT
    This excludes a term from a search and thus helps you narrow your search results.

    You may find that a search on (student AND vulnerability) brings up too many citations related to physical vulnerability. You could add the following to the search in order to exclude articles focusing on that one aspect of the concept of vulnerability.

    (student AND vulnerability) NOT physical

Citation Management Tools

Citation management tools can save time and frustration.  Zotero is an extremely useful and capable resource that also aids citation (and full-text article) organization.


  • Easy, quick, free citation manager
  • Works with PC/Mac OS's & Firefox, Chrome, Safari browsers 
  • Icon appears in browswer address bar to save citation
  • Format citation in any of 8000+ styles available
  • Find help: Getting Your Stuff into Zotero

Google Scholar

  • Easy, quick, no-download-necessary citation creator
  • Search for your article by title
  • Use "Cite" link below publication information
  • Choose from the major styles


  • Search for your resource (e.g., book, article, report)
  • Click on item title
  • Find "Cite/Export" link in upper right portion of record
  • Choose from several styles