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ENG 110 - Expository Writing

This guide provides resources to support the Expository Writing course and assignments.

How To Evaluate Web Resources - CRAAP

Here is an easy way to remember what to look for when evaluating the information that you find. These questions will help you assess what you might find most useful.    

CRAAP: Credibility, Accuracy, Reasonableness, Support

Currency - Timeliness of the information

  • When was the information published or posted?
  • Has the information been revised or updated?
  • Does your topic require current information, or will older sources work as well?
  • Are the links functional?

Relevance Importance of the information for your needs

  • Does the information relate to your topic or answer your question?
  • Who is the intended audience?
  • Is the information at an appropriate level? (e.g., not too elementary or advanced)
  • Have you looked at a variety of sources before determining this is one you will use?
  • Would you be comfortable citing this source in your research paper?

Authority  - Source of the information

  •  Who is the author / publisher / source / sponsor?
  • What are the author's credentials or organizational affilitations?
  • Is the author qualified to write on the topic?
  • Is the contact information for author / publisher correct?
  • Does the URL reveal anything about the source? (e.g., .com, .edu, .gov, .org, .net)

Accuracy  - Reliability, truthfulness, and correctness of the content

  • Where does the information come from?
  • Is the information supported by evidence (e.g., sources)?
  • Has the information been reviewed or refereed (e.g., peer-review process)?
  • Can you verify the information in another source?
  • Does the language or tone appear unbiased and free of emotion?
  • Are there spelling, grammar, or typographical errors?

Purpose - Reason the information exists

  • What is the purpose of the information: to inform, teach, sell, entertain, or persuade?
  • Do the authors / sponsors make their intentions or purpose clear?
  • Is the information fact, opinion, or propoganda?
  • Does the point of view appear objective and impartial?
  • Are there political, ideological, cultural, religious, institutional, or personal biases?