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ENG 110 (Muchiri)  

This guide is designed to help you find the resources you need for your ENG 110 paper.
Last Updated: Apr 6, 2017 URL: Print Guide RSS Updates

Getting Started Print Page

Expected Outcomes

Goals for these two sessions are:

  • Understand and be able to explain the difference between search engines and databases --- how does Google/Scholar differ from proprietary databases. 
  • Understand and explain how information is processed from event through periods of time: the information cycle.
  • Understand how to evaluate "fake news" vs credible, authoritative sources.
  • Utilize/hands-on exploration of the academic sources that achieve the best results for this class assignment: Academic Search Premier (general database) and other specialized databases. Where to search.
  • Introduction and practice: Boolean and Subject Searching.   How to search using Boolean and subject searching.
  • Introduction to tips for finding precise, relevant academic articles.

Visualizing Your Process

The major components fit into the process outlined below, which indicates that the process is not linear. You may find a few sources and interpret them, only to develop new questions which lead to other sources, etc. 

Inquiry Process graphic

Original image location.

Some Things to Think About as You Begin

1.  One of the first things to think about is what are the kinds of sources to use in writing a research paper?

  • Reference/background sources
  • Books or e-books
  • Articles: academic journals
  • Articles: non-scholarly, popular magazines, newspapers
  • Statistics or other supporting materials

Start with Zondervan Library tools and resources. Why?

The content is reliable and the statistics are solid.

2. Next consider the credibility of what you have found.

Here is an easy way to remember what to look for when evaluating the information that you find. These questions will help you assess what you might find most useful.    CARS: Credibility, Accuracy, Reasonableness, Support

Credibility. Is this source trustworthy? What are the author’s credentials? Is he or she known or a respected authority on this topic? Is there evidence of quality control?   Goal: an authoritative source, a source that supplies some good evidence that allows you to trust it.

Accuracy. Is the information up to date, factual, detailed, exact, comprehensive? What is the intended audience and purpose? Does it reflect intentions of completeness and accuracy. Goal: a source that is correct today (not yesterday), a source that gives the whole truth.

Reasonableness.  Is the presentation fair, balanced, objective, reasoned? Can you find that the author has no conflict of interest? Is there an absence of fallacies or slanted tone. Goal: a source that engages the subject thoughtfully and reasonably, concerned with the truth.

Support:  Does this information provide background sources or references? Is there contact information for the author? Are claims supported, documentated and corroborated?. Goal: a source that provides convincing evidence for the claims made, a source you can triangulate (that is are you able to find at least two other sources (non web) that support it). 

taken from Virtual Salt. Robert Harris

3. Synthesizing the sources.  Once you have gathered a variety of sources, look over them and determine how they fit together and relate to your topic.

  1. What am I trying to say? Do my sources support my ideas?
  2. How does the information from your sources align with your claims? How well does the information tie together?
  3. What ideas seem most common within the information you have gathered?
  4. What pieces should be used as quotations? What should be paraphrased?
  5. How much statistical information do you want to give? How many examples? What are the best examples to use?
  6. The purpose of this paper is to look at an issue with multiple perspectives. After you have gathered the needed resources you are to take a position. This means that you must understand and address perspectives other than your own and to provide evidence that supports your claims and may discount other points of view. 



Meet Linda

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Linda Lambert
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My favorite book is...:
oh, too many to mention. Ask me about some of them.
I spend my free time...:
knitting, traveling, reading, meeting with friends.
My favorite Library resource or tool is...:
Gale Virtual Reference --it's amazing
My favorite part of being a Librarian is...:
helping you find quality information and seeing you succeed.

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